Home पड़ताल मायावती का खेल ख़त्म ही समझो-कँवल भारती

मायावती का खेल ख़त्म ही समझो-कँवल भारती

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मायावती की यह आखिरी पारी थी, जिसमें उनकी शर्मनाक हार हुई है. 19 सीटों पर सिमट कर उन्होंने अपनी पार्टी का अस्तित्व तो बचा लिया है, परन्तु अब उनका खेल खत्म ही समझो. मायावती ने अपनी यह स्थिति अपने आप पैदा की है. मुसलमानों को सौ टिकट देकर एक तरह से उन्होंने भाजपा की झोली में ही सौ सीटें डाल दी थीं. रही-सही कसर उन्होंने चुनाव रैलियों में पूरी कर दी, जिनमें उनका सारा फोकस मुसलमानों को ही अपनी ओर मोड़ने में लगा रहा था. उन्होंने जनहित के किसी मुद्दे पर कभी कोई फोकस नहीं किया. तीन बार मुख्यमंत्री बनने के बाद भी वह आज तक जननेता नहीं बन सकीं. आज भी वह लिखा हुआ भाषण ही पढ़ती हैं. जनता से सीधे संवाद करने का जो जरूरी गुण एक नेता में होना चाहिए, वह उनमें नहीं है. हारने के बाद भी उन्होंने अपनी कमियां नहीं देखीं, बल्कि अपनी हार का ठीकरा वोटिंग मशीन पर फोड़ दिया. ऐसी नेता को क्या समझाया जाय! अगर वोटिंग मशीन पर उनके आरोप को मान भी लिया जाए, तो उनकी 19 सीटें कैसे आ गयीं, और सपा-कांग्रेस को 54 सीटें कैसे मिल गयीं? अपनी नाकामी का ठीकरा दूसरों पर फोड़ना आसान है, पर अपनी कमियों को पहिचानना उतना ही मुश्किल.

अब इसे क्या कहा जाए कि वह केवल टिकट बांटने की रणनीति को ही सोशल इंजिनियरिंग कहती हैं. यह कितनी हास्यास्पद व्याख्या है सोशल इंजिनियरिंग की. उनके दिमाग से यह फितूर अभी तक नहीं निकला है कि 2007 के चुनाव में इसी सोशल इंजिनियरिंग ने उन्हें बहुमत दिलाया था. जबकि वास्तविकता यह थी कि उस समय कांग्रेस और भाजपा के हाशिए पर चले जाने के कारण सवर्ण वर्ग को सत्ता में आने के लिए किसी क्षेत्रीय दल के सहारे की जरूरत थी, और यह सहारा उसे बसपा में दिखाई दिया था. यह शुद्ध राजनीतिक अवसरवादिता थी, सोशल इंजिनियरिंग नहीं थी. अब जब भाजपा हाशिए से बाहर आ गयी है और 2014 में शानदार तरीके से उसकी केन्द्र में वापसी हो गयी है, तो सवर्ण वर्ग को किसी अन्य सहारे की जरूरत नहीं रह गयी, बल्कि कांग्रेस का सवर्ण वोट भी भाजपा में शामिल हो गया. लेकिन मायावती हैं कि अभी तक तथाकथित सोशल इंजिनियरिंग की ही गफलत में जी रही हैं, जबकि सच्चाई यह भी है कि मरणासन्न भाजपा को संजीवनी देने का काम भी मायावती ने ही किया था. उसी 2007 की सोशल इंजिनियरिंग की बसपा सरकार में भाजपा ने अपनी संभावनाओं का आधार मजबूत किया था.

मुझे तो यह विडम्बना ही लगती है कि जो बहुजन राजनीति कभी खड़ी ही नहीं हुई, कांशीराम और मायावती को उसका नायक बताया जाता है. केवल बहुजन नाम रख देने से बहुजन राजनीति नहीं हो जाती. उत्तर भारत में बहुजन आंदोलन और वैचारिकी का जो उद्भव और विकास साठ और सत्तर के दशक में हुआ था, उसे राजनीति में रिपब्लिकन पार्टी ने आगे बढ़ाया था. उससे कांग्रेस इतनी भयभीत हो गयी थी कि उसने अपनी शातिर चालों से उसके टुकड़े-टुकड़े कर दिए और वह खत्म हो गयी. उसके बाद कांशीराम आये, जिन्होंने बहुजन के नाम पर जाति की राजनीति का माडल खड़ा किया. वह डा. आंबेडकर की उस चेतावनी को भूल गए कि जाति के आधार पर कोई भी निर्माण ज्यादा दिनों तक टिका नहीं रह सकता. बसपा की राजनीति कभी भी बहुजन की राजनीति नहीं रही. बहुजन की राजनीति के केन्द्र में शोषित समाज होता है, उसकी सामाजिक और आर्थिक नीतियां समाजवादी होती हैं, पर, मायावती ने अपने तीनों शासन काल में सार्वजानिक क्षेत्र की इकाइयों को बेचा और निजी इकाइयों को प्रोत्साहित किया. उत्पीडन के मुद्दों पर कभी कोई आन्दोलन नहीं चलाया, यहाँ तक कि रोहित वेमुला, कन्हैया कुमार और जिग्नेश कुमार के प्रकरण में भी पूरी उपेक्षा बरती, जबकि ये ऐसे मुद्दे थे, जो उत्तर प्रदेश में बहुजन वैचारिकी को मजबूत कर सकते थे.

इन चुनावों में मायावती को मुसलमानों पर भरोसा था, पर मुसलमानों ने उन पर भरोसा नहीं किया, जिसका कारण भाजपा के साथ उनके तीन-तीन गठबंधनों का अतीत है. उन्हें पश्चिमी उत्तर प्रदेश से मात्र 4 और पूर्वी उत्तर प्रदेश से मात्र 2 सीटें मिली हैं, जिसका मतलब है कि उनके जाटव वोट में भी सेंध लगी है. मायावती की सबसे बड़ी कमी यह है कि वह जमीन की राजनीति से दूर रहती हैं. न वह जमीन से जुड़ती हैं और न उनकी पार्टी में जमीनी नेता हैं. एक सामाजिक और सांस्कृतिक आन्दोलन का कोई मंच भी उन्होंने अपनी पार्टी के साथ नहीं बनाया है. यह इसी का परिणाम है कि वह बहुजन समाज के हिन्दूकरण को नहीं रोक सकीं. इसी हिन्दूकरण ने लोकसभा में उनका सफाया किया और यही हिन्दूकरण उनकी वर्तमान हार का भी बड़ा कारण है.

मायावती की इससे भी बड़ी कमी यह है कि वह नेतृत्व नहीं उभारतीं. हाशिए के लोगों की राजनीतिक भागीदारी जरूरी है, पर उससे ज्यादा जरूरी है उनमें नेतृत्व पैदा करना, जो वह नहीं करतीं. इसलिए उनके पास एक भी स्टार नेता नहीं है. इस मामले में वह सपा से भी फिसड्डी हैं.
मायावती के भक्तों को यह बात बुरी लग सकती है, पर मैं जरूर कहूँगा कि अगर उन्होंने नयी लीडरशिप पैदा नहीं की, वर्गीय बहुजन राजनीति का माडल खड़ा नहीं किया और देश के प्रखर बहुजन बुद्धिजीवियों और आन्दोलन से जुड़े लोगों से संवाद कायम करके उनको अपने साथ नहीं लिया, तो वे 11 मार्च 2017 की तारीख को बसपा के अंत के रूप में अपनी डायरी में दर्ज कर लें.

कँवल भारती

(लेखक प्रख्यात दलित चिंतक और लेखक हैं।)

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  54. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the
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  56. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers?
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